Spine Association for Education

Scoliosis

Condition Overview

A healthy spine has a slight “S” curve when viewed from the side and appears straight when viewed from the front or back. People with Scoliosis develop a lateral curvature in their spines when viewed from the front or back. While some causes of Scoliosis are readily identifiable—including congenital, degenerative, and neuromuscular—other causes are not as clearly understood. Scoliosis tends to develop during the growth spurt just prior to puberty and, by age 16, about 3% of all American teenagers have some degree of Scoliosis.

Common Symptoms

Symptoms of Scoliosis can include: an uneven waist or shoulders, a prominent shoulder blade, or leaning to one side.

Methods of Diagnosis

Scoliosis is most often detected by a pediatrician, family doctor, during a school physical, or during a sports program screening exam.

Methods of Treatment

Most cases of Scoliosis are mild. In fact, many cases require no treatment at all. When necessary, treatment options can range from physio- and occupational therapy to braces and even surgery. For those considering surgery, several minimally invasive surgical procedures are available.

 

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